J. Phys. III France
Volume 2, Numéro 4, April 1992
Page(s) 575 - 594
DOI: 10.1051/jp3:1992148
J. Phys. III France 2 (1992) 575-594

Analysis of experimental time-dependent blade surface pressures from an oscillating turbine cascade using the influence-coefficient technique

T. H. Fransson

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland

(Received 15 February 1991, revised 9 September 1991, accepted 27 September 1991)

A two-dimensional section of the last stage of a steam turbine blade has been investigated experimentally in an annular non-rotating cascade facility as regards to its steady-state and time-dependent aerodynamic characteristics at design and off-design conditions. The unsteady experimental data obtained with the blades vibrating in the "travelling wave" mode indicate that one of the main reasons for the flutter susceptibility of the cascade lies in the high expansion and following shock wave close to the blade suction surface leading edge and the corresponding high unsteady loading. The decomposition of the experimental data into unsteady aerodynamic influence coefficients validates this conclusion and also shows that another reason for the flutter susceptibility can be found in the fact that the cascades is overlapped for a part of the blade surface where the local flow velocities are close to sonic. The unsteady aerodynamic influence coefficients show that the instability arises because of the time dependent aerodynamic coupling effects between, essentially, the reference blade and its immediate suction surface and, to a lesser extent, pressure surface neighbors.

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