J. Phys. III France
Volume 4, Numéro 12, December 1994
Page(s) 2379 - 2389
DOI: 10.1051/jp3:1994284
J. Phys. III France 4 (1994) 2379-2389

Surface emitting diode lasers

F. Lozes-Dupuy, S. Bonnefont and H. Martinot

Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes du CNRS, 7 Avenue du Colonel Roche, 31077 Toulouse Cedex, France

(Received 14 February 1994, accepted 9 September 1994)

Surface-emitting diode lasers have recently made significant advances because of the emergence of a variety of applications such as optical interconnects, optical computing, communications or diode-pumped solid-state lasers. These devices can be roughly grouped into three types based on their cavity configurations. The paper will examine the concepts, fabrication techniques and operating characteristics associated with each type of laser. The performance of monolithic arrays of surface-emitting diode lasers will also be discussed.

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