J. Phys. III France
Volume 5, Numéro 12, December 1995
Page(s) 2003 - 2028
DOI: 10.1051/jp3:1995239
J. Phys. III France 5 (1995) 2003-2028

Experimental Analysis of Unsteady Blade Rows Interaction in a Multistage Turbomachine

Mustapha Belhabib and Hubert Miton

Université Pierre et Marie Curie, L.E.M.F.I U.R.A. CNRS 1504, Bât. 511, Campus Universitaire, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France

(Received 24 June 1994, revised 23 May 1995, accepted 28 August 1995)

The object of our investigation is an experimental analysis of the unsteady interactions between a fixed row (stator) and the moving blade rows (rotors) in turbomachines. Two methods are developed for data processing. The first one which is based on spectral analysis is developed to identify periodic and random flow fluctuations. Using this method, the data acquisition period needed is reduced four times comparing to the one needed by ensemble averaging method used until now. The second method takes into account some characteristics of periodic disturbances identified by the first method, to determinate the instantaneous flow fields in all stator passages by using space time measurement in one passage. An important gain of measurement duration and grid is obtained. These methods are applied for unsteady measurements carried out upstream and downstream of the first stator of a four stage axial flow compressor. The results show the importance of rotor/rotor and rotor/stator blade numbers ratio on flow unsteadiness.

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