J. Phys. III France
Volume 6, Numéro 4, April 1996
Page(s) 443 - 448
DOI: 10.1051/jp3:1996133
J. Phys. III France 6 (1996) 443-448

Detection of an End-Ring Fault in Asynchronous Machines by Spectrum Analysis of the Observed Electromagnetic Torque

Hamed Yahoui and Guy Grellet

Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Laboratoire d'Électrotechnique et d'Électronique de Puissance, 43 Bd du 11 novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France

(Received 9 October 1995, revised 8 January 1996, accepted 14 February 1996)

For asynchronous machines, 20% of the failures are due to the rotor [1] and particularly the end-ring fault of cage motors. Studies [2, 4] have shown that a rator fault generates flux harmonics which induce in term of harmonics in the stator currents. So, the analysis of the torque which is the product of these two quantities, must give a better information on the faults. In this paper a new technique is presented allowing the diagnostic of an end-ring fault of a cage threephase asynchronous machine. Previous researches by the author [5] have given the expression of the instantaneous electromagnetic torque with these defects influence. It has been observed actually that the ruptures influence greatly this quadratic quantity. The torque was calculated from the line currents and the e.m.f across flux sensors placed in the stator windings. In this method, the flux sensors are not essential to determine the electromagnetic torque. The rotor flux can be directly estimated by using an observer. This study presents how a model of the asynchronous machine is used to build the observer.

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